Growth hormone injections to increase height, when can it be used, and what are its effects and harms

Growth hormone injections to increase height, when can it be used, and what are its effects and harms

Growth hormone injections to increase height
Growth hormone injections to increase height

Hormones play an essential role in various body functions, including the growth process.

If the body does not produce sufficient amounts of growth hormone, a person may need to rely on injections of growth hormone to enhance their growth.

There are many glands in the body that produce hormones. However, the pituitary gland is the primary guiding gland that controls the rest of the glands.

The role of the pituitary gland is not only to control the functioning of the rest of the glands. It also manufactures growth hormone.

The pituitary gland is located in the brain below the hypothalamus. They release hormones in response to the chemical messages produced by the hypothalamus.

The human growth hormone (HGH) helps in influencing the process of height, and building of bones and muscles in the body.

Its effect is crucial to the normal growth and development of the body, including the final height that the body achieves.

Genetic factors influence the amount of growth hormone production. And some children may lack adequate growth hormone production.

In adults, damage to the pituitary gland is a common cause of decreased growth hormone production.

In my article for today, I will review the reasons for using growth hormone injections, what they do, and the possible side effects that may result from them.

The importance of growth hormone:

Different hormones control the functions and processes of the body, which include growth, development, metabolism, sexual functions, reproduction, and mood.

  • Growth hormone is very essential to the growth process, especially in children. But it also includes (also has an effect) in many other processes in the body. This includes bone density, muscle mass, and mood swings.
  • Growth hormone helps process proteins and break down fats to provide the energy needed for tissue growth.
  • Some people also resort to using growth hormone, because they believe that it builds muscles, enhances athletic performance, and slows down the aging process. But there are no scientifically proven studies that have approved the use of HGH for these goals.
Growth hormone levels vary throughout the day, and the level of physical activity (i.e. the degree of body activity during the day) has a role in this.

Regular exercise has an effective effect on naturally increasing growth hormone levels.

Sleep, stress, and a low blood sugar level may also lead to an increase in growth hormone production.

Just a small change in the level of growth hormone production, it has a huge effect on the body.

Too little growth hormone, or too much growth hormone, both of which can cause obvious problems in the growth process.

Decreased production of growth hormone is the main cause of short stature and a health problem called dwarfism.

Growth hormone and its effect in children:

Babies with low levels of growth hormone may (may or may not) be smaller at birth.

Growth problems may appear more often over time. For example, if the child is smaller than his classmates. Its growth rate was less than 2 inches during the year.

Some babies are unable to produce growth hormone at birth. And the problem of low levels of growth hormone persists with them throughout their lives.

Symptoms of low growth hormone in children:

  • Their physique appears to be smaller than their peers of the same age
  • Their bodies look chubby and chubby
  • Poor hair growth
  • Delayed puberty
  • Short stature

For some children, low levels of growth hormone are part of a genetic problem. But sometimes the cause of the low growth hormone is unknown.

Growth hormone and its effect in adults:

In adults, low levels of growth hormone are often due to damage to the pituitary gland. Which may be permanent!

Damage to the pituitary gland may occur during childhood or adulthood.

Other causes of low growth hormone in adults include:

  • Exposure to radiation therapy
  • Having a head injury
  • Infection such as meningitis
  • Health problems that affect the pituitary gland that affect the production of growth hormone, may be due to a pituitary tumor.
Damage to the pituitary gland may occur as a result of the presence of the tumor itself. Or the result of a treatment such as surgery or radiation therapy.

Complications and negative effects of growth hormone deficiency in adults:

In adults, growth hormone deficiency can cause many different health problems, including the following:
  • Anxiety and depression
  • Increased accumulation of fat around the abdominal area
  • Increased risk of heart disease and stroke
  • Weakening of the heart muscle
  • Muscle and bone weakness
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Decreased ability to think and focus
Growth hormone deficiency may be alone, or in combination with other hormones deficiency as well.

Growth hormone injection:

The most common treatment approved to correct levels of growth hormone in children and adults is through the use of injections of growth hormone developed in a laboratory.

Depending on the severity of the deficiency the patient suffers from, doses of growth hormone injections are determined, either several times a week or on a daily basis.

Growth hormone is manufactured in the laboratory to mimic the action and behavior of the natural growth hormone found in the body. And it is prescribed by the doctor exclusively.

Growth hormone injections can be given either as self-injections after being prescribed by a doctor. Or the doctor gives the injection.

Treatment is often continued for several years. With follow-up with the doctor every month, to ensure the improvement of the health situation.

Treatment with growth hormone injection:

The sooner children’s growth hormone deficiency is treated, the better chance they have of growth at a level close to that of a normal adult.

A child can grow tall 4 inches  over three years of treatment. Then he can gain an additional 3 inches or more of lenght over the next two years.

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